The medical term for pain associated with menstruation is “dysmenorrhea”.
In primary dysmenorrhea, the aching is usually a result of increased levels of hormones called prostaglandins, which trigger contractions in the uterine and intestinal walls.
Secondary dysmenorrhea refers to period cramps which begins to develop after your periods have been regulated and become normal, and is usually due to abnormalities in the pelvic organs or uterus, such as fibroids or ovarian cysts. It may also be related to stress, anxiety or a sexually transmitted disease.
Some studies estimate as many as 90% of younger women have severe period pain and that this is one of the top reasons for missed work and school days in the United States.

In a different study published in the “Journal of Research in Health Science” in 2006, researchers discovered that exercise helped reduce the duration and severity of primary dysmenorrhea in high school girls. It also decreased the girls’ use of sedative medications.
Did you know? About a fifth of women can actually feel something happening in their ovaries around ovulation times. This can range from mild ache sensation to twinges of pain. Some women can feel ovulation as one-sided backache or perhaps a tender region. The condition, called mittelschmerz, might last anywhere from a few minutes to a few days. If you notice these sensations at approximately the exact same time each thirty days, check the cervical mucus. Ovulatory pain can be a valuable guide to whenever you are fertile. Exercise can help with these pain sensations as well!

According to an obstetrician-gynecologist at Virginia Hospital Center in Arlington, exercise significantly helps to relieve cramps as it helps the body to release beta-endorphins, which are internal opioids (in other words, your own “human morphine”). It helps to relieve pain and helps to burn the chemicals released during menstruation which cause muscle contractions (prostaglandins) much faster than they would burn on their own.
Exercise is considered to be a natural way to reduce muscle tension and elevate one’s mood. Therefore, maintaining a regular exercise program can really make a difference and help reduce the severity of menstrual cramps.
Gentle exercise such as yoga is fantastic. A nice easy form of exercise that helps you stretch out, with the added benefits of incorporating relaxation and deep breathing. Actually even simply breathing exercises can help calm you and your pain down!
Other things which may help can be supplementing different vitamins, such as Vitamin E, Zinc, and calcium. These vitamins have been known to lessen the pain of menstrual cramps. Take these every day, especially right before and during your cycle, to help lessen the period cramps. Taking a warm bath can also help lessen heavy menstrual flow, and the warm water will alleviate lower abdomen pain, and relax the muscles. However, exercising is still the number one all-natural solution to menstrual cramps..and just remember, this is only one of the many benefits of exercising!